[webdev] Web Design Update: October 20, 2011
lcarlson at d.umn.edu
Thu Oct 20 06:35:29 CDT 2011
+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.
- Volume 10, Issue 17, October 20, 2011.
An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.
++ISSUE 17 CONTENTS.
SECTION ONE: New references.
What's new at the Web Design Reference site?
New links in these categories:
02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.
05: INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE.
10: STANDARDS, GUIDELINES & PATTERNS.
13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?
++ SECTION ONE: New references.
EDUCAUSE Accessibility Guidelines
"This guide is a working draft developed by the IT Accessibility
Constituent Group at the request of EDUCAUSE staff. It is designed to
provide guidance to authors, reviewers, and publishers associated with
EDUCAUSE Quarterly (EQ), and to the larger EDUCAUSE community, on how
to ensure that web content is accessible to all users, including those
ATHEN Report on the Accessibility of Google Documents
By Access Technology Higher Education Network (ATHEN).
"Google Inc. is in the process of improving its Google Application
suite to make it more accessible for people with disabilities. To
date, many improvements have been made, but the efforts have largely
targeted screen reader users and not considered people with other
types of disabilities. In order to begin to assess the accessibility
of the application suite for a variety of disability types, the Access
Technology Higher Education Network (ATHEN) performed functional tests
(described in detail below) on two applications: the Google Docs
Document List (hereafter referred to as 'Document List') and the
Documents portion of Google Docs (hereafter referred to as
'Documents'). These tests show that many people with disabilities are
currently unable to successfully use these applications..."
Before and After Demonstration
"he Before and After Demonstration is a multi-page resource that shows
an inaccessible website and a retrofitted version of this same
website. Each web page includes inline annotations that can be
activated to highlight some of the key accessibility barriers or
repairs. Each web page is also accompanied by an evaluation report to
inform the developers on the level of conformance to the Web Content
Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG)..."
Unusual Words - Accessibility for Web Writers, Part 13
By Dey Alexander.
"People with certain cognitive, language or learning disabilities may
find it hard to understand your content if you use unusual words or
use words in unusual ways. Jargon and idioms are the two examples of
this type of language. Avoiding jargon and idioms will make your
content more accessible-and not just to people with disabilities..."
Exclusion of Visual Readers with Low Vision form WCAG 2.0 and the 508 Revise
By Wayne Dick.
"When WCAG WG developed WCAG 2.0 they lacked the expertise needed to
write guidelines for all visual disabilities. Two years after aproval
of WCAG 2.0 the WG made a interpretive decision that virtually
eleminated visual readers with low vision from civil rights
protection. Subsequent revise of 508 followed this lead. The result
is that today, visual readers with low vision have less legal
protection in the US than they did before 1980. I worte the following
essay as a blog with Knowbility, but it was really directed at the W3C
WAI and was not read. I am distributing it here because the exclusion
of visual readers with low vision will mean illeteracy or
semi-literacy for people in this group for at least a generation..."
Opera Doesn't Work with Screen Readers - Does It Matter?
By Steve Faulkner.
One thing that should be obvious to anybody who has read my recent
posts Rough Guide: browsers, operating systems and screen reader
support and a Brief history of browser accessibility support or looked
at HTML5Accessibility.com is that the Opera browser does not have
practical support for screen readers. Of the big 5 browsers, it is the
only one that does not work well with screen reading software on at
least one platform. The question is, does it matter?
CSS, HTML, ARIA, Browsers, Assistive Technology and Interoperability
By Steve Faulkner.
"A number of issues are being debated in accessibility circles at the
moment. These primarily revolve around how browsers and assistive
technology interpret and represent HTML semantics via accessibility
APIs and to the end user, and how this is affected by the use of CSS
+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.
CSS Accessibility Community Group
By W3C Community.
"Document and describe how browsers and assistive technology currently
implement CSS in regards to accessibility and guidance on how they
should. The documentation and guidance will be directed at both CSS
implementers and developers who use CSS...Anyone may join this
CSS Accessibility - What Next?
By Steve Faulkner.
"The group has been created, people are starting to join. Over the
next week I will start to jotting down idas for initial work. If you
have ideas please add them to the list..."
An Introduction to CSS Pseudo-Element Hacks
By Nicolas Gallagher.
"CSS is a versatile style language that is most frequently used to
control the look and formatting of an HTML document based on
information in the document tree. But there are some common publishing
effects - such as formatting the first line of a paragraph - that
would not be possible if you were only able to style elements based on
this information. Fortunately, CSS has pseudo-elements and
Responsive Elements that Retain Their Aspect Ratio
By Jonathan Nicol.
"Here is a quick tip for creating responsive elements that retain
their aspect ratio as they scale..."
By Roger Hudson.
"My attention was recently drawn by Jenny Bruce to the relatively
large number of sites that use bright 'fluro' background colours for
navigation menu items and buttons. The combination of these 'fluro'
background colours and white text often fails to meet the minimum
colour contrast requirements of the Web Content Accessibility
Guidelines 2.0, whereas, when the text colour is black the contrast
ratio is acceptable..."
UX People - One Day UX Conference
November 25, 2011.
London, United Kingdom.
April 16-18, 2012.
Orlando, Florida, U.S.A.
+05: INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE.
By Luke Wroblewski.
"When it comes to organizing the content and actions on mobile, solid
information architecture principles like clear labeling, balanced
breadth and depth, and appropriate mental models remain important. But
the organization of mobile web experiences also needs to..."
By Peter-Paul Koch.
"Google wants to create a new language for the web. That idea will
have to be accepted by all other browser vendors. Nowadays that
doesn't just mean Microsoft, Mozilla, Apple, and Opera, but also
Nokia, Samsung, RIM, and a host of minor ones. Why would they do as
Google tells them?..."
Why Google Dart Will Miss Its Target
By Craig Buckler.
"Dart is Google's new programming language designed for creating
structured web applications. You'll be able to run it on the server
but it'll also run on the client. In a browser..."
Videos of Screen Readers Using ARIA, Updated
By Zoe Gillenwater.
"My previous post 'Videos of screen readers using ARIA' needed a good
updating: I'd found several more applicable videos and some of the
original videos had disappeared from the web, leaving the links to
them broken. This article includes all the content from that original
post that's still online plus all the new stuff I've found, organized
by topic this time..."
14 Guidelines For Web Site Tabs Usability
By Justin Mifsud.
"...In this post I will be providing a list of 14 guidelines that you
can use as a checklist to ensure that tabs on your web site are
The Ins and Outs of PHP Exceptions
By Nikko Bautista.
"Exceptions are special conditions, usually errors, that can occur or
be explicitly made by a program. They connote that something entirely
different from what was expected has occurred. In most cases, the
situation requires that a special instruction set be done in order to
mitigate a catastrophic system failure..."
+10: STANDARDS, GUIDELINES & PATTERNS.
Dive Into HTML5... on HTML5 Doctor
By Oli Studholme.
"...we've set up a mirror at diveinto.html5doctor.com, and we'll be
experimenting with using GitHub to contribute..."
Dive into HTML5 (HTML5 Doctor edition)
"This tool can significantly reduce the size and complexity of your
CSS by programmatically stripping unneeded content, stripping
redundant calls, and intelligently grouping the remaining element
The Default Choice, So Hard to Resist
By Steve Lohr.
"[M]ost people perceive a default as an authoritative recommendation."
Personality in Design
By Aarron Walter.
"Our lasting relationships center around the unique qualities and
perspectives we all possess. We call it personality. Through our
personalities, we express the entire gamut of human emotion.
Personality is the mysterious force that attracts us to certain people
and repels us from others. Because personality greatly influences our
decision-making process, it can be a powerful tool in design..."
Two Extremes of Touch Interaction
By Janie Chang.
"Microsoft Research Redmond researchers Hrvoje Benko and Scott Saponas
have been investigating the use of touch interaction in computing
devices since the mid-'00s. Now, two sharply different yet related
projects demonstrate novel approaches to the world of touch and
[Section one ends.]
++ SECTION TWO:
+13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?
Cascading Style Sheets Information.
Evaluation & Testing Information.
Information Architecture Information.
Miscellaneous Web Information.
Sites & Blogs Listing.
Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
[Section two ends.]
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Until next time,
Laura L. Carlson
Information Technology Systems and Services
University of Minnesota Duluth
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009
mailto:lcarlson at d.umn.edu
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